GREEN SCREEN REMOVAL
Green Screen Removal In Photoshop In The Easiest Way:
A green screen isa significant effect to have when you have both a low budget anda high budget production.But what exactly it works? And why do you need it? That is what we are going to teach you in this article. Whether you are a professional photographer or a newbie in this sector, we will help you out with this descriptive article to learn the maximum about green screen photography and editing.
Today we will learn everything about green screen removal in Photoshop and also all the tips & tips regarding green screen. So, let’s start.
Why We Use GREEN SCREENS?
It starts when you shoot the video or photo with a digital camera. The camera sensor is way more susceptible to green channels than any different channel.Besides, green and blue are considered farthest from the human skin tone and the easiest to pull a clean key from. But, blue tends to be a prevalent clothing color. So, green is just a little easier to work with.That is why we use a green screen instead of any of your third such as blue, red, or purple.
The maximum of the illusions is created with a simple green screen. That familiar old special effects tool we used in everything from weather forecasts to feature films. Filmmakers love this tool because it allows them to create an entirely new scene in the background of any shot; they can put anything back there like videos, graphics, you just name it.
How To Remove Green Screen Using Color Range ToolIn Photoshop?
Removing the green screen from a photo using the Color Range tool is one of the conventional methods that people use.
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How We Remove Green Screen Using Color Range Tool In Photoshop?
Removing the green screen from a photo using the Color Range tool is one of the conventional methods that people use.
Step 1: Get the selection
To do that is a better way, you have to open your photo that has a green screen. First of all, duplicate the image layer and name it. Then go into Select and click on Color Range. So, basically, how this thing works is that we are just selecting the green colors. For doing that, use the Eye Drop tool from the Color Range window. Then choose on the portion of the image that has a green screen.
Then from the same window, check the Inverted. It will enable you to see the image in Black & White color and change the Black to Grayscale. Basically, we do this because we want the background of the image to be Black, and we want the foreground to be White. The white is what is showing, and the black is the part that we don’t want. Use the Eye Drop (+) Plus or (-) Minus to make the foreground completely White.
We use the Fuzziness meter up and down to get a more accurate result. If we take it down, it is going to be a lot more selective of the colors. And if we take it all the way up, it is going to be selecting too many colors. We don’t need any of these. So, let’s leave this Fuzziness down the middle and click Ok.
Step 2: Masking
Click on the selection mask to continue with the procedure. And now, we will input in our Yellow background. You can put in any background you want. Then press Ctrl T drag the background to increase the size. Afterward, double click on the Yellow background layer and drag that down under the primary layer.
Now what we are going to do is press Ctrl and + to zoom in. Now, look at the edges. It does not suppose to look good at all. So, make sure to click on the Mask. To do that, go into Refine Mask and check the Smart Radius and increase that a bit. Play a little with the Feather, Edges, and anything that you want. Then check the Determinate Colors and change as required to get rid of the green around the model of the image. Press Ok then.
If you see a bit black line around your model, go to Adjustment Levels, and change the Input levels to disappear the Blackline completely. But don’t increase it more otherwise it will result in inappropriate output. So, this is pretty much it. If you followed the whole procedure correctly, you would be able to replace the green screen from your photo with a new background. It is pretty simple and more comfortable to do that with the Color Range tool.
An Easy To Remove Without-Green Screen Background in Photoshop
Yes, there is an actual tool in Photoshop that allows erasing the background. So, we are not talking about any selections or masks. You will be amazed to know how powerful and customizable this tool can be. Sometimes, it is so accurate and fantastic. And you can guess how important it can be if you don’t have a green screen to take photos.
But why don’t we use it or do not talk about it very much? There is one significant drawback this tool has. In this part of the article, you are going to learn how to use it, and also we will see whether we can solve that drawback. So, without any further, let’s get started.
Destructive Process: Part 1
First of all, we will open the magical world of Photoshop and open a portrait photo that we want to edit. So, let’s look at where the tool actually. On the left side of the Photoshop UI, you will see all the tools that we use for editing purposes. Find the Eraser Tool right there. Click and hold on it. Take a look at the tools under the group. We will select the second one. It literally says the Background Eraser Tool. Now select that.
Before jumping in the next step, make sure to make a copy of the background layer of the raw photo for backup. Press Ctrl + J for PC users and Command + J for Mac users.
Now, go ahead and create a solid color adjustment layer. To do that, click on the Adjustment Layer icon, which is located in the lower right of the interface and select the Solid Color. We are going to choose a color like black and then hit OK. In the next step, bring down the Solid Color Adjustment Layer under Layer one because, in Layer One, we are going to erase the background.
Let’s go ahead and select Layer One. Just simply start from the background and make the brush a little smaller and softer and start painting. You will see how easily the background is being removed. Don’t be confused by seeing the Black color. It appears because we have black just below the Layer One. You feel like it is so easier to remove background in this way. So, how does it actually work? You tell Photoshop – what color the background is, then you paint on the background, Photoshop analyses the background is and removes it.
Now before jumping with the background removed, we will take a look into some more tools that will help you further with these kinds of operations.
At the right top of your Photoshop user interface, you will see these three tools. These three tools care about how we are going to sample the colors. These are called sampling.
Continuous Sampling: Wherever you are going to edit, it continuously samples from the area under the crosshair. Have a look at it. Support if we are going to paint in the background part of our first raw portrait, it will continue to sample from the middle of the brush. Now the complications come when you paint it over the hair of the photo subject. It will also sample the hair of the model. It is okay if you have hard edges, and the background color is constantly changing.
One Time Sampling: It is the second one just right of the Continuous Sampling tool. It just samples once. Okay, what does that mean? If you click on the tool and start the sampling again in the background portion of our sample photo, you will see it takes a sample area under the crosshair. But it just does not continuously sample.
Background Sampling: It is the last one we have in that section of the UI. Any of the colors are in the background swatch, that color will be erased. But that is not very useful.
Limit settings allow you to limit where you can paint, as the name suggests. It is located in the right of the Sampling tools. To understand the concept, we have a couple of examples for you. Just keep in mind that thoughts are the essential thing in Photoshop.
Dis-contiguous: if we want to make changes of a specific color from the photo, we use this Limit setting. The good thing is if you have more than one color in an image, it will not touch the other colors, even if you accidentally paint on different color’s edges.
Contiguous: Then, if you change to a Contiguous setting, you can paint on a specific edge of an image. So, when it set to Contiguous, it will only remove Pixels, which are physically attached to the color that you are removing.
Find Edges: It is similar to Contiguous, but it allows finding where the edges are. It is kind of more accurate and keeps the edges a little sharp.
Think about Tolerance as to how many colors you can tolerate. Does it not make sense? Let’s head over to an example. To better understand the Tolerance, we will use the Magic Wand tool and a simple two-color gradient image, which is Green to Yellow.
By default, the ToleranceTolerance will be 50. And now, if you click on the Green portion, you will see a range of colors is selected. Let’s press Ctrl or Command + D. If we set the Tolerance to zero and click again on the Green portion, you will see only a small part of the Green will be selected. And it supposed to be the exact shade of Green. That means, the more we increase the ToleranceTolerance, the more that colors will be affected.
Destructive Process: Part 2
Now, let’s return to our raw portrait, and select the Background Eraser tool, set the Limits to Discontiguous. Because now we will paint around the hair of the model and we want to remove the background from between the hairs, we don’t want to limit it. And the ToleranceTolerance right now is 50%. You can try different Tolerance levels as you need. If you start painting, you will see it will remove the background pretty cool.
Destructive Process: Part 3
After that, we will move forward to remove the background around the body of the model. Since, in general, other body parts have hard edges, and we don’t want to get inside. So, we will select Contiguous and stick with 50% Tolerance. If you start, you will see, it will remove the background steady. So, this is the complete process of removing background in a Destructive way.
The drawback of this method
Now there is one major drawback that we have hinted before. Let’s look at the photo that we are editing. If we remove the background and accidentally paint right on the subject of the picture, you will see the portion is also getting black. If we will do Selected Mask or do any other method involving a mask, we can just paint white in that area and bring that area back. That is the biggest drawback of this tool that it works destructively, and we cannot work non-destructively with it.
But what if we want to do it in a Non-destructive way? Hold that thought for a moment. We are going to talk about how to make this tool non-destructive now. Let’s begin.
Non-Destructive Process: Part 1
To start with it, let’s copy the background one more and named the Layer Subject Non-Destructive. Then bring it the Solid Color Adjustment layer. Afterward, we will hold the Ctrl or Command and click on the thumbnail of the Non-Destructive layer and select the Mask button. You will see the mask will appear.
Now, let’s select the brush and make it a bit smaller and softer and hold the Alt or Option. Then click on the Mask, and then you can paint out the other areas. Make sure the foreground color is Black and fill up the rest of the areas. For the critical areas, if you want to tune it okay, you can also choose the Blend > Overlay and decrease the Flow to somewhere around 20 to 30 percent. Then start painting. You will see how nice it will be working.
Non-Destructive Process: Part 2
If you want to bring back things back, which have been erased accidentally, you can do that as well. You have to choose the Overlay with the same as before and change the foreground color to white. Then press X to toggle between the foreground and the background, and now we can paint right there. When you have selected White, it won’t paint on the Black area. So, we can easily paint the model. You can increase the Flow if you need it.
Now, if you are in good shape, hold the Alt or Option, click on the Mask button, and it’s done. You can blur the portion if anything needs some fine-tuning. To do that, click the Blur tool and blur in the Mask. You can hold the Alt or Option, click on the mask button again to show how it looks. It blurs merely it out, you can smooth it out, and you can do whatever you want. You can modify it in every way possible because this is non-destructive.
So, that was all about the Background Eraser tool. It is a hidden gem if you can use it properly. So, is it better than the Selected Masks? Does it mean that the Quick Selection tool is complete trash? Or, Select Subject is totally useless? Not at all, every technique and tool has its own place. It depends on the situation, the image, the background, and, most importantly, on you.
Professional Green Screen Setup
For decades now, the green screen has been a big part of making photos and movie magic. With a few essential photography tools and proper technique, a photographer can transport their talent from a bland green backdrop in their studio to just about any image they can imagine. But it needs a high budget and professional knowledge to get the best editing result in Photoshop.
But before, you get to the step of dropping in a cool background and post, first, you should set up and light our green screen with the right tools. Otherwise, we will not be able to finish pulling off the illusion. So, let’s dive into the things that you need must set up professional green screen support.
• Professional Chroma Key Screens
Of course, the essential thing is the real green screen itself. Anyone can get a professional-level chroma key green screen from any film equipment seller. The professional chroma key screens will likely be designed with grommets or other features and are a bit more durable, which makes them more practical and more comfortable to set up.
• Professional Green Screen Lighting Setup
The next essential is the lights for the green screen. You will need a minimum of three lights. First two lights to put on either side of the green background and at least one light for the subject. To be clear, three lights is a bare minimum. We recommend four or more lights for the best result as you can then add a fill or hair light to your setup.
You can use any type of light to light a chroma key screen or green screen. But make sure that whatever source you use is softer and more prominent. The softer and bigger the light, the better to create smooth. Even lighting that covers the whole green screen because they fit the bill of big.
A soft florescent like Kino Flows is a popular favorite for professional lighting green screens. These glowing units cast a lot of bright, soft light across the broad area, so it will make them perfect for green screens. You also want to use lights of the same type and color temperature on both sides of your green screen.
• Green Screen Backdrop
So, the green screens and the lights are our main ingredients, but we also need to mount our green screen. For that, we will need a professional backdrop stand designed to hold cloth backdrops. Or, we will need two see stands with an interlocking crossbar. The last things that we also need are some gaffers tape and spring clamps to help secure and our green screen tight.
Undoubtedly, a proper green screen setup is mandatory to enhance professional photo editing. That is why we need a professional green screen setup in your home or studio if you want us to bring fine-tuned editing in Photoshop.
Tips & Tricks For Using Green Screen
If you ever find standing yourself, in front of a green screen, be careful. There is something you need to do to make that shot work.
• First of all, don’t dress to match. If your clothes are green, parts of your body will turn out invisible, which can be weird and scary for the viewers. Infect the effect works best if you drees in simple, solid colors.
• Avoid complicated and noisy patterns if you can because they tend to dance on the screen.
• Also, watch out for shiny objects like jewelry or polished shoes, which can sometimes catch some of the pesky green light. Even white clothing can sometimes be too reflective.
• These tricks only work because the color green gives a nice contrast to human skin tones. So, the process of removing green is way easier if there is a nice crisp edge to work with. If there is a lot of loose clothing, rapid movements of shadows, it is hard for the computer to tell where you end and where the screen begins.
• Lastly, make sure you have plenty of room. The green screen needs to be consistently bright, and that means lots of lighting.
• To get a proper green-screen effect, we have to diffuse the light. Our goal is to create a nice view of the background. Ideally, the fabric should be lit edge to edge. And the way to check this is by using the Zebra feature on your camera. Zebra helps show you where areas of your image are brighter or overexposed.
• Most importantly, you need to light your subject next. Pull your subject or stand far enough away from the background to get them out of its lighting. The essential lights you will need for your subject are a Key and a Hair or backlight. That backlight is necessary to create some separation between your subjects in the background.
• The Key light should be angled off, somewhere between 20 and 40 degrees from your cameras. Then you can add a Fill light to brighten the shadows on the other side to create an exact 3 point lighting setup.
Don’t let these rules freak you out. Filming or shooting with a green screen will be a lot of fun. A flashy background can add a lot to your photo or video production value. The only limit is your imagination.
DIY Green Screen Setup
Unfortunately, the green screen setup requires professionalism to get a high-quality output. But you can make a basic DIY setup to meet your requirements. This section will enable you to know how to set up a green screen within your budget at home. So you get a good result in whatever software you are using every time. Though it won’t be enough to get a professional output.
First of all, we do need a green screen. And initially, you don’t need to buy a professional green screen. The best way is to go to your local fabric craft shop. They will have plenty of fabric to choose from. Try to find a sheet or big bit of cloth, which is as close to Chroma Key as you can. And remember, we are on the cheap. So, close enough is good enough.
Now, you have your green screen; go back to that wall that you want to set up as your background. Hang out the green sheet with the wall with whatever you have lying around. It can be a buttload of tape, some hooks anything.
The most important part about doing an excellent green screen is the lighting. Professional green screen setup requires separate lighting, but we are too cheap for that. So we are going to use a simple light system. Go to your local hardware store and get three lights on the stand and one work light and have warm Globes and all.
Have a couple of floor lamps on one side and the work lights on the other. Don’t forget about the backlight. Now the backlight is very important to get a better shot. This is also important to diffuse these lights; however, you can. We can use a baking paper method, but the baking paper does not attach to anything. So you can use tapes or paper clips to attach. These are all supportive things that you will need to set up a green screen in an affordable way.
Green screening or chroma-keying, whatever we name it, is essential for professional photo editing. A green screen not only allows you to do exclusive editing but also can reduce your budget of editing a photo or video significantly. So, knowing green screen removal in Photoshop is mandatory. And if you have read all the way down here, you already know the basics and some pro tips to play with it.
But to have a professional touch in this scene, you must need it in the right editing hand. And we can do that for you. Hover on the services we are providing and select the best one that suits you. Even if you want any custom quote, let us know. Till then, don’t forget to take care of your photos.
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